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Management And Basic Dog Training

To train your puppy or dog, you first need to alter your thinking and the terms you use. “Training” refers to teaching your dog a specific behaviour. “Management” covers everything you need to do so your dog behaves in the manner you want him to, in every scenario from potty behaviour and eating to playing with other dogs and doing as he’s told.

Puppies aged between 8-12 weeks of age are like infants and they don’t yet have a conscious awareness of when they need to eliminate. If your puppy makes a mess in your home, you can’t tell him off because he won’t comprehend what you mean.

He won’t connect anything you may do or say with the mess he just made as he has no idea he did it. Punishment doesn’t work at this age for the same reason. He just thinks you’re behaving strangely; angry and unpredictable, and somebody to be avoided or feared.

To manage your puppy’s housebreaking behaviour, you have to create a specific habit that teaches him where to eliminate, and this is done by repeated experiences. After you get him to successfully understand that outside is the pace to eliminate and never inside, he’ll realise when he has the urge and will go outside to the area you have taught him to go and do his business.

When managing his housebreaking behaviour, start with a small enough crate that doesn’t let him sleep at one end and eliminate at the other end. When he wakes up, open the door of the crate so he can exit. Then pick him up and take him outside. If you let him walk, he’ll likely pee before he gets to the door.

Put your puppy down in the spot where he should eliminate. Wait while he does it, either standing by him or walking around in case he doesn’t like doing it while being watched. Never talk to him or distract him from doing his business. After he is done, give him plenty of praise so he associates that behaviour as being correct.

After he’s done you can play with him, either outside or inside. However, if you take him inside, you need to watch him 100% of the time in case he needs to go again. Shut doors and/or use baby gates to keep him near you. Let him drink water whenever he needs it. Let him play with his toys. Once 20-50 minutes has elapsed, put your puppy back in his crate for a nap.

If it’s feeding time, put his food in the crate and around 30-40 minutes later, take the bowl away and carry him outside again. Puppies generally must eliminate once 20-40 minutes has passed from the time they ate.

Repeat the management steps outside and don’t bring him back into the house until he has done his business. Depending on how old he is, you can put him back into his crate for 2-4 hours.

Puppies vary regarding how much time they can handle being in a crate.
At three months, he can stay in the crate for 4-5 hours.
At six months, that becomes 6-7 hours.
At 10 months, the time is about eight hours.

In an ideal world, an eight week old puppy’s day would bear some resemblance to this type of structural management.

6:00am. Puppy wakes up. Pick him up and take him outside and wait for him to eliminate and then praise him.
6:15am. Indoors. 100% supervise him playing and let him drink water.
6:45am. Puppy goes back in his crate with his breakfast.
7:00am. Remove food and take puppy outdoors. After he eliminates, praise him.
7:20am. Puppy back in crate. Leave for work.
12:00pm. Take your puppy outside. Once he has eliminated, praise him.
12:15pm. Indoors. 100% supervise him playing and let him drink water.
12:30pm. Puppy goes back in his crate with his lunch.
12:45pm. Remove food and take puppy outdoors. After he eliminates, praise him.
1:00pm. Puppy back in crate. Go back to work.
5:30pm. Take your puppy outside. Once he has eliminated, praise him.
5:45pm. Play with your puppy outside.
6:00pm. Indoors. 100% supervise him playing and let him drink water.
6:30pm. Place your puppy in his crate and handle your evening tasks.
7:30pm. Take your puppy outside. Once he has eliminated, praise him.
7:45pm. Indoors. 100% supervise him playing and let him drink water.
8:30pm. Puppy goes back into his crate with his evening meal.
9:00pm. Remove food and take puppy outdoors. After he eliminates, praise him.
9:15pm. Indoors. 100% supervise him playing
10:00pm. Final trip outside.
10:15pm. Puppy goes back into his crate for the night.

As your puppy ages, he should be able to spend more time without the urge to go outside. However, properly managing his toilet habits within his first four weeks is critical or he may develop bad habits you may find hard to break. So it’s essential that you can arrange for him to have lunch time potty visits for the first month, even if you can’t do it yourself.

For at least two months, it’s wise to place puppy’s crate in your bedroom. If he wakes up during the night, you can talk to him calmly and he’ll often fall asleep again. If he doesn’t, then you may need take him outside to do his potty and then straight back to bed for both him and you.

A puppy likes to sleep close to where his human family sleeps. If you put him in the laundry, basement or kitchen, he won’t feel as safe and secure and you won’t hear if he wakes up. If he does wake and nobody is around, he may soil himself and his bed so always take him out if he needs to go. Once a puppy is 1o weeks old, he’ll generally stay asleep for the whole night.

Despite having a suggested timetable to follow, don’t try to be exact. If you do, your puppy will get used to it to the extent that if you’re late, he may soil his bed and himself. If you have a few household members, then they can help with his schedule as well.

If your puppy does soil his crate, immediately take him outside in case he needs to go again. Then clean him properly. Also thoroughly clean his crate before allowing him back into it again. Don’t force him to remain in his soiled environment because he may think he’s being punished. You should apologise to him for not being able to get him outside faster. Try and prevent scenarios where he’s forced to soil his crate.

The sample schedule only gives you a few sessions of 20-40 minutes for puppy to be out of his crate. It’s because puppies that are 8-10 weeks old need a lot more sleep than time for playing. Most of their mischief occurs when they haven’t had enough sleep. Never wait for your puppy to let you know he wants to sleep when he’s this old.

Once he’s three months old, he’ll start playing more and won’t need to sleep as much. You should also have managed his potty training by this stage. Still allow plenty of time for sleep for another month so from that point on, your puppy will have adjusted to time spent sleeping and playing. Don’t force young puppies from 8-10 weeks to do strenuous or a lot of exercise in one go.

The eight week mark is the youngest talked about here because breeders shouldn’t be selling puppies younger than this. It’s easier to teach your puppy to do his potty where you want him to when he’s eight weeks old as compared to when he’s only six weeks old. It’s due to the fact that the older a puppy is, the more likely he will be to sleep all night long and only go potty while it’s daytime.

Always supervise him 100% whenever he’s inside the house but not in his crate. You don’t want him to leave a surprise under your bed or somewhere else, and then make it a habit to return to that spot whenever he feels the urge. Always shut doors of rooms you don’t want him to go into. Where possible, keep him in the room you’re in so 100% supervision is easy.

Use baby gates to stop him getting to places in that room. For example, he could hurt himself if he chews on a live electric cord. If you can’t watch him fully, put him back in his crate, which you can bring into the room so he knows you’re there and won’t feel alone.

Remove any food he hasn’t eaten within 20-30 minutes. That will enable you to help manage his digestive tract and his body will start falling into a pattern where he’ll want to eliminate at certain times.

Once you discover how long (after he has eaten) that he needs to go outside, you’ll get closer to managing his potty needs more accurately. As each week passes, his time between food and his urges to go outside will grow. Restrict his water consumption after dinner so he’s more likely to sleep all night long.

It’s unwise to let your puppy freely access his food for a couple of reasons. The main reason is that when he knows you supply his food instead of it just appearing in his bowl, he’ll view you as his leader and you’re the one who feeds him and takes good care of him.

He’ll also learn that he needs to eat all his food in one go. This is important because if he doesn’t eat due to illness, you’ll know earlier and can discuss it with the vet. If your puppy goes with you when traveling, knowing he eats in his crate will make him feel more comfortable, regardless of the environment around him, which may be a tent, a caravan or a motel.

You have taught him to eat all his food in one go and this helps because you don’t need to have food in his bowl all day, regardless of your location. He’ll understand where and when he’ll get his food and so his eating habits should be as normal as they would be when he’s at home. If you ever need to find a minder for him, this established routine will help him remain comfortable in his routine and the minder will find the job easier to handle.

During your puppy’s first year, you’ll need lots of love, patience, common sense and dedication to manage all aspects of his life and make him feel comfortable and loved in his new home. Most owners who have problems with puppies do so because they haven’t commenced management of their puppy through the use of a crate and so the puppy is making messes everywhere and they find it hard to watch him all the time.

Their puppy chews everything he can, runs around the house like a crazy thing and does his potty wherever he stands. Maybe they don’t use the crate or perhaps it’s only used when they go out. They NEED to use the crate from the start if they have any hope of teaching their puppy the right behaviours and it makes life for both puppy and owner much easier to cope with.

The most common complaint breeders get from owners is that their puppy is so undisciplined. The reason is that they didn’t set up boundaries, consistency and structure from the day their puppy came home with them.

Compare a puppy to a human child. They both have an innate curiosity about the household rules and both need discipline. When a puppy knows the rules and what happens if he breaks the rules, he’ll be a happy puppy.

When your puppy comes home, you need to start with crate training and find the balance between supervised freedom and confinement as this changes as he gets older. Do this and you’ll enjoy many years of companionship and mutual love with your new addition to the family.
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